Plagiarism is the "stealing or misusing scholarly property and the significant copying of someone else’s work." Plagiarism is when large portions of the text have been copied and pasted without proper and unequivocal acknowledgment/attribution. All the submitted manuscripts are checked for plagiarism through Turnitin's software, following the criteria/guidelines defined by HEC & IJCME. The similarity index should be less than 19%. If the similarity index is 19% or more than 19%, the manuscript is not processed further until revised by the author. If a plagiarized manuscript is submitted multiple times, it is rejected from further processing.