Parental Role in Recognition, Prevention and First Aid Management of Foreign Body Aspiration amongst Children


  • Fariha Salman Department of Community Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hira Javaid Department of ENT, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sadia Ismail Department of Liver Transplantation, Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Surgery, Pakistan Kidney, and Liver Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sadia Salman Department of Endocrinology, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan



Foreign body aspiration, Prevention, First aid management


Background: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a commonly observed, fatal but preventable condition in children. To reduce the incidence of FBA, it is essential to provide parents with knowledge and guidelines regarding the prevention and management of FBA.

Objectives: To assess parental knowledge and parental role in the prevention and first aid management of foreign body aspiration in children.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at Mayo Hospital, Lahore from January 2019 to September 2019. After IRB approval and informed consent, 151 parents were enrolled through convenient sampling. Data were recorded in a structured questionnaire and analyzed through SPSS version 26.

Results: Breathlessness and vomiting were recognized as symptoms of FBA by 49.7% & 7.3% of parents respectively. Hand clutched to throat, color & voice change were recognized as signs by 6.6 %, 9.9 % &10.6 % of the parents. As a first aid measure, 66.2% of individuals knew about back slaps, while only 2% were aware of abdominal thrusts. Literate parents were well aware of the facts that children under the age of three should not consume seeds, hazelnuts, and hard nuts and the child should not laugh or talk while eating compared to illiterate parents (p<0.05)

Conclusion: The majority of the parents are not well aware of signs, symptoms, preventive measures and first aid measurements regarding FBA.




How to Cite

Salman F, Hira Javaid, Sadia Ismail, Salman S. Parental Role in Recognition, Prevention and First Aid Management of Foreign Body Aspiration amongst Children. J Shalamar Med Dent Coll [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 30 [cited 2023 Dec. 8];3(2):189-96. Available from:



Original Articles