Medical Students’ Views on Medical Ethics Education-A Mixed Method Study


  • Sarosh Saleem Department of Health Care Ethics, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
  • Iqra Ghulam Rasool Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Omar Nisar House Officer, Sialkot Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan
  • Sadia Rehman Rao Rao Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Samaha Nisar House Officer, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan



Background: Medical Ethics (ME) is considered an integral component of medical education around the world. However, limited training is being offered to medical students in Pakistan.

Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate medical students' perspectives regarding medical ethics and to explore their experiences about medical ethics as a subject at a private medical college in Lahore, where Medical Ethics was formally introduced as part of the undergraduate curriculum in 2017.

Methods: This mixed-method study included medical students from all five years of medical college. Quantitative component included a survey questionnaire, and the sample size was 410.  Convenient sampling technique was used. Qualitative component included focus group discussions. The students who have attended medical ethics lectures were included in the study.

Results: The response rate was 82.72%. There were more females in gender distribution; 76.1% were female and 23.9% were male. Most respondents (74.9%) found medical ethics classes interesting and 72% thought that lecture sessions were important in medical ethics.

Conclusions: Medical students find medical ethics as an important component of medical education. Although it is hard to correlate ethics education with their clinical experience as medical students, they believe that medical ethics education can be useful. Social and cultural issues inform clinical decision-making in Pakistan and hence these discussions should be incorporated into medical education. Further studies must be conducted on the actions that need to be taken to help students internalize the ethical issues.




How to Cite

Sarosh Saleem, Ghulam Rasool I, Nisar O, Rao SRR, Nisar S. Medical Students’ Views on Medical Ethics Education-A Mixed Method Study. J Shalamar Med Dent Coll [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 30 [cited 2024 May 18];3(2):81-90. Available from:



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